Indian railways introducing Kavach in its upcoming Trains

About Kavach:

Kavach is a train control system with anti-collision features that was developed by the Indian Railways Research Designs and Standards Organisation (RDSO).
It functions as a watchdog over the existing signalling system and is designed to warn the train’s loco pilot (driver) when they fail to notice a “red signal.”
If the loco pilot does not slow down the train to obey the signal, the Kavach system automatically applies the emergency brakes to bring the train to a halt.

How Kavach is Deployed?

Railway stations along the route are equipped with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology in the tracks.
The locomotive (driver’s cabin) is equipped with RFID readers, a computer, and brake interface equipment.
Radio infrastructure, including towers and modems, is installed at railway stations to facilitate communication.

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